When force on a bone is too great, the bones will fracture or break. The severity of a fracture will depend upon the initial force that caused the break to occur. Bones can break or crack only slightly if the force is small but if the force is extreme, such as in an automobile accident, the bone may actually shatter. An open fracture is in reference to a bone that breaks in a way that the bone fragments stick out through the skin. These types of fractures should be treated immediately because of its serious nature.
Some of the most common fractures include:
The most common causes of fractures are:
Most fractures are very painful and can prevent you from being able to move the injured area. Some of the common symptoms of a fracture include swelling, tenderness, and bruising around the injury or deformity where the limb looks out of place in relation to the bones being misaligned.
All fractures, regardless of cause, will be treated with the intention of allowing the bones to mend back together. The pieces of bone that were broken during the fracture must be put back into position and immobilized until they are healed. A variety of treatments can be used to treat fractures including:
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